Epigenetic gene expression and regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression contribute to disease susceptibility and point to potential treatment in future therapies. Rather epigenetic modifications or tags such as dna methylation and histone modification alter dna accessibility and chromatin structure thereby regulating patterns of gene expression these processes are crucial to normal development and differentiation of distinct cell lineages in the adult organism. Regulation of gene expression includes a wide range of mechanisms that are used by cells to increase or decrease the production of specific gene products protein or rna and is informally termed gene regulation. We learned about gene expression in biochemistry which is comprised of transcription and translation and referred to as the central dogma of molecular biology
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