2 the origins of the french legal system the basis of the french legal system is laid out in a key document originally drawn up in 1804 and known as the code civil or code napolon civil code or napoleonic code which laid down the rights and obligations of citizens and the laws of property contract inheritance etc essentially it . It fixes the hierarchy of laws and rules within the french legal system and the relationship between these different norms constitutional law became independent from political science and administrative law with the constitution of 1958 which included the institution of a constitutional court the conseil constitutionnel . Judicial system 4 judicial system france has a legal system stemming from roman law and based upon codified laws the civil code was drafted in 1804 under napoleon i. The french legal system is based entirely on written civil law the system of administrative law was laid down by napoleon and is appropriately called the code napolon napoleonic code the code governs all branches of french law and includes the code civil the code fiscal and the code pnal. The french parliament is made up of the national assembly assemble nationale and the senate it is both chambers of parliament who pass statutes legislation france has a dual system in place regarding its laws one branch of the system is known as droit public or public law this branch defines the principles of operation of the state
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